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Journal of Dairy Science, Vol 77, Issue 9 2651-2657, Copyright 1994 by American Dairy Science Association


JOURNAL ARTICLE

Transformation of measurements percentage of white coat color for Holsteins and estimation of heritability

C. M. Becerril, C. J. Wilcox, G. R. Wiggans and K. N. Sigmon
Dairy Science Department, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611.

Percentage of white coat color was measured on registration certificates of 4293 Holstein heifers on eight dairy farms in Florida. Measurements of white percentage were by visual evaluation on one side of the upper body (head, neck, and trunk) only and obtained in increments of 5%. Mean, median, mode, standard deviation, and skewness of white percentage were 25.6, 15, 0, 26.9, and 1.03. Distribution of white percentages showed lack of normality. Original data were transformed using an extension of the Box-Cox transformation to approach normality and to provide maximum likelihood estimators of the transformed parameters. Heritability estimates for percentages of white coat color were computed using derivative-free REML with an animal model. Estimates of heritability were .715 from untransformed data and .779 for transformed. Standard errors of estimates were slightly lower (.032 vs. .035) following transformation. Additional study to find an improved transformation procedure still seems warranted.




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Copyright 1994 by the American Dairy Science Association.